Morphology vs. Genomics

Linking genes to phenotypes has been a major question in evolutionary biology for the last decades. In the genomic era, few studies attempted to link olfactory-related genes to different anatomical proxies. However, they found very inconsistent results. This study is the first to investigate a potential relation between olfactory turbinals and olfactory receptor (OR) genes. We demonstrated that despite the use of similar methodology in the acquisition of data, OR genes do not correlate with the relative and the absolute surface area of olfactory turbinals. These results challenged the interpretations of several studies based on different proxies related to olfaction and their potential relation to olfactory capabilities.

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